The scientific name sugarcane, Saccharum officinarum is a very sweet perennial grass that is mainly grown for its juice from which sugar is processed.
Sugarcane can be grown well in most soil types as long as they are well drained, but the plant’s preferred soil type is with a pH between 5.0 and 8.0 and if you don’t live not in an area that receives a lot of rainfall, it will need a fair amount of supplemental irrigation to grow well.
Overall, sugarcane is best suited for high temperature subtropical and tropical regions of 26-330°C and can be grown well in most states of Nigeria, Kwara, Kano, Niger, Jigawa, Taraba , with Katsina, Sokoto and Kaduna taking the lead. manufacturing today.
Once you have cleared the bush, prepare your freshly harvested cane stalk and begin planting sugar cane by cutting the stalk or some sections of the stalk. This process called setts. Another way is to plant compactions which are sections of the cane with roots or shoots.
Sugar cane seedlings or compactions should be planted horizontally in furrows or trenches about 4 inches deep and you can hire laborers to plant the cuttings in 1.4m+0.4m spacing, 0.15m.
After planting it is important that you take good care of your crop and start weeding after two weeks or use herbicides such as Atrazine at five liters per hectare in order to achieve the best economic quality and best yield of the plant and you can further improve your yield. by harvesting early before the cane begins to dry out.
On average, it takes about 12 to 16 months for sugar cane to mature and you can harvest four times from a single plantation.
You can start a sugarcane farm with as little as N200,000 capital on a semi-large scale of 1 hectare or less depending on how big you want the farm to be. In some areas, you can rent an acre of land for as little as N50,000.
Sugar cane can generate huge revenues for farmers and traders. Apart from being eaten directly, it can also be grown for biofuel production and the canes can be used directly to produce ethyl alcohol i.e. ethanol.
The by-products of cane sugar processing which are straw can be purchased by herders to feed their livestock. It can be used to make sugar or even eaten directly in confectionery, used to sweeten drinks, as a preservative in jams and preserves, and as a decorative finish for cakes.
Sugarcane is an economical grass that can be harvested commercially with the potential to create lots of jobs for harvesters, loaders, vendors and even processors. Thanks to this, those who exploit it can make a fortune.
also of paramount importance.